Musings: For me the most difficult to write sections of a research report are the Intro/Background and Discussion. And yet, those are apparently the easiest to read for many. My students at least tend to read only those sections and skip the rest.
Why? For the author, Intro/Background and Discussion require hard, critical thinking about what is already known about the topic (Intro/Background) and then what one’s findings mean in light of that (Discussion). For research consumers, the language used in these sections is more familiar, ordinary sounding words. On the other hand, writing the technical nature of other sections (Methods, Instruments, Results) is pretty straightforward with scientifically standardized vocabulary and structure. But, for readers, those same sections contain potentially unfamiliar research terminology that is not part of everyday conversation– i.e., scientific vocabulary. Quantitative studies often create more reader difficulty.
My solution for myself as a writer? To spend time making sure that the first sentence of every paragraph in Intro/Background and Discussion makes a step-by-step argument supported by the rest of the paragraph. Follow standardized structure for the rest. Keep language precise yet simple as possible.
Solution for research readers? Read the whole article understanding what you can and keep a research glossary handy (e.g., https://sites.google.com/site/nursingresearchaid/week-1. Even if practice doesn’t make you perfect, it works in learning a new language–whether it is a ‘foreign’ language or a scientific one.
Critical Thinking: Test out your reading skills with this article https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6503597/ . Do the authors make systematic arguments in Intro/Background & Discussion? What makes this article hard or easy to read?
Happy Summer! -Dr.H